Therapeutic diet for diabetes.
Diet for diabetes.
It is necessary to begin our conversation with the fact that a diet for diabetes mellitus can be prescribed only by the attending physician. Such a diet is always appointed strictly individually, taking into account a very large number of factors (patient’s condition, analysis data, etc.). Therefore, this article is published only for information purposes. Use the recommendations of this material can only after consulting a doctor. Diet for diabetes.
How to eat a diabetic patient?
— The meal should be regular and distributed throughout the day.
— It is necessary to consume as little fat as possible, especially saturated fat.
— In the diet should be a large number of foods high in fiber (whole wheat bread, cereals, beans, lentils, vegetables and fruits).
The amount of food and its calorie content should be no more than you can burn for a day, otherwise excess weight will be put off. Along with a healthy diet, you need to control the level of glucose in the blood.
Fats in the diet.
Fats contain the greatest amount of energy. A large amount of fat in the diet is fraught with the development of obesity, as well as an uncontrolled increase in glucose in the blood. It is necessary to try to reduce the amount of fat in the diet.
Saturated fats. It is important to limit the amount of saturated fat. In addition, due to saturated fats, obesity develops, they contain a large amount of cholesterol. However, it should be noted that the attitude to saturated fats contained in natural products (meat, milk, butter, cheese) in our time has changed for some specialists. According to the latest data, natural products do not pose any threat to humans.
To reduce saturated fat in the diet, the following recommendations must be fulfilled:
— use low-fat milk;
— choose lean meat, cut fat from meat;
— Never use chicken skin (skin is better to remove before cooking chicken);
— Reduce the amount of butter, cream, sour cream, coconut oil, margarine in the diet;
— use only low-fat cheese.
— Reduce (or better completely refuse) the number of cakes, cakes and other confectionery products in the diet;
— It is desirable to completely stop using sausage, ham and similar meat products (if you want meat — cook it yourself);
— Try not to eat fried foods (dishes cooked on steam, boiled or stewed are much more useful than fried);
— avoid eating pies, sausages in the dough, any dishes from fast food restaurants, pastries;
— It is desirable to reduce the amount of cream and tomato sauces in the diet (tomato and cream sauces usually contain a large amount of salt and saturated fats).
Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. These fats are required by the body, but they need to be consumed in normal amounts.
Polyunsaturated fats are contained in the following products:
— sunflower oil (also in soybean, corn, sesame oil);
— fat contained in fatty fish (herring, salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna, etc.);
Monounsaturated fats are contained in the following products:
— rapeseed and olive oil;
Nuts and peanut butter contain a combination of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats.
Carbohydrates in the diet.
Foods containing carbohydrates are the best source of energy for your body. When digesting carbohydrates in the blood, glucose is formed. Low carbohydrate diets are not suitable for people with diabetes.
Sugar in the diet.
The use of sugar, however, as well as alternative sweeteners, should be agreed with the doctor.
Protein in the diet.
It is necessary to eat protein foods that are low in fat (meat, poultry without skin, seafood, eggs, nuts, etc.).