Diagnosis and first aid.
Diagnosis of infarction is established on the basis of cardiac ECG data and a biochemical blood test. If there is a slightest suspicion of myocardial infarction, it is necessary to urgently call for emergency medical care, preferably a cardiovascular team. Stroke rehabilitation.
Before the arrival of doctors, the patient should be comfortably seated or laid. Unbutton the collar, belt. To remove panic, drip 30-40 drops of valocordin, give 1 tablet of aspirin to improve blood fluidity, nitroglycerin under the tongue.
Stroke rehabilitation. Myths about a heart attack.
1. Coffee, strong tea and alcohol after a heart attack — under strict prohibition.
However, special studies by cardiologists have shown that the risk of recurrent myocardial infarction is 40% lower in those who periodically consumed alcohol after a heart attack in small quantities. There should be a correspondence of 1 glass of red dry wine or 50 g of vodka (but not more !!).
For women, the dose should be one third less. BUT! Only a doctor can decide whether alcohol consumption is permissible in each case or not. Indeed, many drugs that are not compatible with alcohol can be prescribed for rehabilitation.
2. Having sex after a heart attack is dangerous to health.
This is not true, it is recommended to renew intimate relationships in the same volume 1-2 months after the acute period of the disease. Naturally, without special frills in the style of the Kama Sutra, which require great physical exertion.
3. After the first heart attack, soon there will be a second heart attack.
This is a common misconception, most people who have had a heart attack return to a full-fledged former life. In half the cases after treatment, the ECG does not show any pathologies of the heart.
4. After a heart attack, exercise should be severely curtailed.
This approach to rehabilitation is fundamentally wrong, sedentary, sedentary lifestyle. On the contrary, it is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular damage. Dosed physical activity trains the heart and blood vessels, strengthens the immune system and the overall resistance of the body to diseases.
Stroke rehabilitation. Herbs help restore the heart.
After a heart attack, life does not end, of course. But the recovery period, when the wounds on the heart are scarring, takes up to six months. At this time it is very important to comply with all medical recommendations, as well as regularly take herbal teas. They help the body to get back to normal faster.
It is useful for a long time to take infusion from grass Astragalus fluffy-flowered:
2 tbsp. spoons of dry herbs for 300 ml of boiling water. Insist 2 hours. Strain. Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 4-5 times daily before meals.
Help to recover fees:
• Blackberry leaves with bluish, red clover flowers, verbena herb medicinal grass and willow bark white. Mix equally. 1 tbsp. Spoon a mixture of brewed in 300 ml of boiling water in a thermos. Insist 1,5 hours, drain. Take 1 tbsp. spoon infusion 3-5 times a day for 15 minutes before meals.
• Hawthorn flowers — 3 parts, strawberry forest grass — 2 parts, anise fruit, sweet potato grass — 1 part.
1 tbsp. Spoon a mixture of pour 300 ml of boiling water. Stir in a water bath for 10 minutes. Insist in the heat for 1 hour, strain. Drink a quarter of a glass 3 times a day for 15 minutes before eating.
The course of admission — 3 weeks, break 10 days, then repeat.
• Flowers of calendula and arnica officinalis — 2 parts, flowers of horse chestnut, corn stigmas and peppermint grass — 1 part each.
2 tbsp. Spoon the collection into a 0.5 liter boiling water. Insist 1 hour, strain. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3-5 times a day for 15-20 minutes before meals. Course — 2-3 weeks, break 7-10 days.
Stroke rehabilitation. Diet for the heart.
After discharge from the hospital, people who have had myocardial infarction. It is recommended to sharply reduce the consumption of animal fats, salty foods, sweets and flour dishes. Do not allow weight gain. The number of eggs is limited to 2-3 per week.
Before going to bed, be sure to drink a glass of yogurt, ryazhenka or kefir. It is useful to saturate the diet with fresh vegetables and fruits rich in potassium salts:
baked potatoes, dried apricots, bananas, oranges. It is also recommended to drink 150-200 ml of fresh carrot juice every morning on an empty stomach.
In a diet of patients with myocardial infarction it is recommended to include corn oil. Due to its ability to lower the amount of bad cholesterol in the blood. Accept oil at 0.5 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day for a long time.
Also reduce the amount of harmful lipids in the blood soybeans in the form of soy milk, curd tofu. Fruits (nuts) hazel (100-120 g during the day) are indicated for atherosclerosis and its consequences — myocardial infarction. Table salt is limited to 5 g per day.
The food is taken in small portions, 5-6 times a day. Last reception no later than 3 hours before bedtime.