Esophageal candidiasis. The ubiquitous mushrooms.
Mycoses of the digestive tract can be caused by various microscopic fungi, however, candidiasis is undoubtedly the most frequent lesion of the digestive tract. Diagnosis and treatment of esophageal candidiasis in some cases it is associated with certain difficulties.
Yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida are unicellular microorganisms with a size of 6-10 microns. They are widespread in the environment. Viable Candida cells can be found in soil, in drinking water, in food, on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals. Thus, the contact of «open systems» (skin and mucous membranes) of a person with these fungi can be described as a common fact.
The outcome of contact with fungi of the genus Candida is due to the state of the antifungal defense of the human body.
If it decreases, candidiasis may occur.
The integrity of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and the state of mucus are of great importance.
And the main thing in protection against fungi belongs to phagocytes in the blood, which have a detrimental effect on fungi.
What factors influence the development of candidiasis?
• Early childhood, old and senile age, pregnancy, when there is a physiological decrease in the body’s defenses
• Oncological diseases, especially against the background of radiation and chemotherapy
• Allergic and autoimmune diseases during treatment with hormonal drugs
• Diseases of the endocrine system, primarily diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, obesity, etc.
• Chronic long-term diseases.
In practice, the clinician has to deal mainly with candida, the frequency of which in healthy individuals reaches 25% in the oral cavity, and 80% in the intestines.
Esophageal candidiasis occurs among general patients in 1-2% of cases, in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus — in 5-10% of cases, in patients with AIDS — in 15-30% of cases. Local risk factors include burns, diverticulosis, polyposis of the esophagus, etc.
Herbal tea for candidiasis.
This herbal tea is actively used in the complex treatment of fungal infections of the esophagus, along with the use of drugs. It is necessary to take herbal tea regularly and in long courses.
badan root, walnut leaf, birch leaf, bird cherry fruits — 1 part each;
thyme herb, cladonia, ivan-tea herb, tsetraria — 3 parts each.
2 tbsp. collection spoons pour 1 liter of water. Simmer over low heat with the lid closed for 25 minutes. Insist 50 minutes.
Drink 1/2 cup 4-5 times a day, regardless of food. Reception course: 1-2 months or more.
Diagnostics and treatment
Difficulty and painful swallowing, chest discomfort are typical complaints. However, there is also an asymptomatic course.
The symptoms of esophageal candidiasis can disrupt the act of swallowing, which in turn will lead to malnutrition and a significant decrease in the quality of life. To establish the diagnosis of candidiasis, an endoscopic examination of the esophagus is performed to obtain a piece of tissue for examination. The «gold standard» for diagnosing candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the esophagus is the detection of the Candida fungus during morphological examination.
Esophageal candidiasis, even secretly proceeding, is dangerous for its complications — narrowing of the esophagus, bleeding, perforation of the esophageal wall and the spread of fungal infection.
Treatment of esophageal candidiasis is based on the use of antifungal drugs. The goal of treating candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the esophagus is to eliminate symptoms and clinical and laboratory signs of the disease, as well as to prevent relapse.
In complex treatment, medicinal plants with antifungal effects are actively used. These include: badan, birch leaf, basil, walnut leaf, cladonia, tsetraria, thyme, cherry fruits, elecampane and others.