Risk of developing a person’s diabetes.
This is more and more often said by doctors, it is worth thinking about … After all, it’s not just that more and more fat people are getting around. Metabolic syndrome.
Manufacturers of slimming products are becoming billionaires …
The metabolic syndrome is obesity. The sensitivity of tissues to insulin decreases. There is a hyperinsulinemia. Also increases the level of bad cholesterol. Violated metabolism. Develops hypertension. This dramatically increases the risk of developing a person’s diabetes. And of course cardiovascular diseases.
Causes and symptoms of the disease.
First, due to improper diet and increased stress on the pancreas, blood glucose jumps occur in the blood.
After eating, the glucose level first increases. There is hyperglycemia. After a while, the glucose content in the blood drops sharply. Develops hypoglycemia. There is a strong sense of hunger.
• The waist circumference in men is more than 94 cm, and in women — 80 cm.
• Blood pressure is higher than 140/90 for a long time.
• Fasting hyperglycemia (glucose in the blood plasma is more than 6.1 mmol / l).
• Impaired glucose tolerance (glucose 2 hours after the sugar load 7,8-11,1 mmol / l).
• Increased blood levels of bad cholesterol more than 3.0 mmol / l. Cholesterol, included in its composition, is considered harmful. As with its excess, the risk of plaques arteries arises in the arteries. They can lead to their blockage and cause a heart attack or stroke.
• Decrease in the level of good cholesterol is less than 1.0 mmol / L in men and 1.2 mmol / L in women.
• Increase in triglycerides (TG) levels above 1.7 mmol / l.
• Also, the risk of developing a metabolic syndrome increases hereditary factors, disruptions in the work of the central nervous system, stress, atherosclerosis, sedentary work, women’s hypodynamia, post-menopausal period, the presence of ovarian cysts.
The key to health is at the bottom of the plate.
For the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome of great importance has a balanced diet.
You can not sit down on a hard diet. Rapid weight loss reduces the amount of lentin in the adipose tissue, the so-called. a hormone of satiation.
This can lead to an acute, «wolfish» feeling of hunger and a set of weights at times more than before adherence to a diet.
Therefore, weight loss should be gradual, in combination with dosed physical loads.
Food restrict salt and carbohydrates. They have high glycemic index (GI — the ability to increase blood sugar).
Taking into account GI, all carbohydrates are divided into good and harmful. The former are found in coarse cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables. They are slowly absorbed and do not cause a sharp increase in blood sugar.
Harmful carbohydrates with a glycemic index higher than 50 are refined sugar, confectionery, chocolate, jams and preserves, bread and biscuits of the highest grade, white rice, potatoes, corn, etc.
For a normal level of glucose and good cholesterol in the blood in the diet should contain trace elements such as chromium, zinc, vanadium, magnesium, calcium. Also vitamin E and lipoic acid.
This is achieved through a variety of nutrition. The composition of which must include red lean meat and poultry meat, fish, seafood, fresh vegetables and fruits, vegetable oils.
To reduce hyperinsulinemia, regular use of buckwheat, oatmeal, pearl barley, nuts, peas and beans is recommended.
• To overcome the decrease in tissue sensitivity to insulin, plants containing microelements of zinc and chromium are recommended:
rhizomes of ginger, leaves of laurel, shoots of Siberian fir and others.
• Plants that reduce the absorption of fats and carbohydrates in the intestine and inhibit the increased synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides in the liver: aralia, hawthorn, cowberry, zamanicha, St. John’s wort, horse, horse chestnut, mistletoe, bearberry.
• Plants that reduce vascular permeability:
hawthorn, rue, sophora, fir needles.
• Activators of metabolism and lipolysis — medicinal plants that activate the function of the thyroid gland (containing diiodotyrosine) — dye dye, norylic nodosum, cocklebur.