How to eat properly for heartburn: Useful tips and sample menu.
How to stop heartburn.
Anyone may experience heartburn. Read in the review: how to eat properly, if you are familiar with this ailment, what products should be paid special attention, and what to exclude altogether.
Heartburn manifests itself as a series of unpleasant symptoms. Among them — a burning sensation and discomfort in the lower part of the chest, an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, a desire for nausea after a dense dinner.
We tell you how to properly build your diet to avoid the appearance of heartburn, which foods should be paid special attention, and which ones should be excluded altogether, and also offer an approximate menu for the day.
What is heartburn?
To begin with, you need to decide what causes heartburn and what it is. Most often, heartburn is a consequence of increased acidity of gastric juice. Unpleasant sensation and discomfort overtake a person by surprise literally in half an hour-hour after eating. In scientific language, this process is called «reflux», that is, the release of hydrochloric acid from the stomach.
Saline fluid and gastric juice enter the walls of the esophagus, irritating them and mucous membranes. Hence — malaise and heartburn symptoms. It is not necessary to speak about a good mood and vivacity at such sensations.
And what happens in the normal functioning of the body? The esophageal sphincter, that is, the muscular ring, closes or contracts and does not allow the gastric juice to escape beyond the stomach.
By the way, if the attacks of heartburn disturb you with an enviable periodicity, you should see a doctor. The cause of heartburn may be more serious diseases, for example, gastritis, peptic ulcer, functional disorders of the biliary system, as well as problems with the liver and cardiovascular system.
What products are worth paying special attention to.
First of all, it is important to understand that in order to really get rid of heartburn and reduce unpleasant relapses to a minimum, you need to find out the reason for its occurrence. Only a doctor can do this. It will also help to adjust the diet and make a literate diet. With a chronic illness and a single outbreak of heartburn, the menu will be slightly different.
There are also general rules that must be followed, if you are familiar with heartburn, not by hearsay. You can and should lean on vegetables, fruits, sweet berries. In this case, you should avoid tomatoes and citrus fruits. Stock up with cereal grains, oatmeal, semolina, buckwheat, rice — they are also very useful for heartburn.
If you like pasta, then preference should be given to those that are made from durum wheat. Low-fat cottage cheese and unfermented cheeses are useful. And, of course, you can not do without lean meat and fish, eggs, slightly dried bread. Always add vegetable oil to the dishes. It can be olive, pumpkin, sunflower.
As for drinks, then drink tea with milk, useful herbal preparations, fruit drinks and decoctions, juices, still mineral water.
There should be often and fractional. This means that the meal should take place every 2-3 hours. Portions cook small, so as not to overload your stomach. Dishes should not be too hot and not too cold.
After eating, do not rush to move to the horizontal position. It is better to stand or walk in a leisurely pace. Do not lift heavy.
What foods should be excluded from the diet?
If you do not want heartburn to become a frequent guest in your life, then you need to exclude a number of foods from the diet or try to reduce their consumption to a minimum.
So, try to avoid possible products, which cause increased acidity of gastric juice. This, for example, spicy and salty foods, marinades, citrus and tomatoes, a number of fermented milk products, fermented cheeses.
Taboo should be applied to foods that have an irritant effect on the stomach. Among them — alcohol, coffee and caffeinated products, chocolate, onions, radish, garlic, mushrooms. To this group can also be attributed products that contribute to the occurrence of flatulence. This is rye and yeast bread, beans, carbonated drinks.
With special attention should be given to products with menthol flavorings, as well as dishes and drinks, which include mint. This is due to the fact that it relaxes the muscular ring in the esophagus, which increases the risk of ingestion of gastric juice on its walls and mucous membranes.
Recommended diet for heartburn.
If you are faced with such a problem as heartburn, then for the removal of symptoms you must adhere to a certain menu. Here is a detailed recommended diet:
First breakfast: scrambled or low-fat cottage cheese + freshly squeezed carrot juice with cream or a spoon of vegetable oil + herbal tea.
The second breakfast: muesli with yoghurt and dried fruit + decoction of rose hips.
Lunch: vegetable soup + turkey with vegetables or pasta from durum wheat with seafood + vegetable salad (leaf greens, avocado, cucumber) + mors.
Snack: fruit mousse or yogurt + green tea.
Dinner: baked fish with potatoes + fruit salad + herbal tea.
Before going to bed: a glass of milk.